Hajj is mandatory for every Muslim who is physically able to perform and can afford the expenses for Hajj travel. It is a once-in-a-lifetime journey taken as an individual or as a family. The concept of Hajj itself is so vast that there are queries that remain unanswered to some and doubts that need to be cleared.
Hajj Badal is one such issue that has several voices. We hope to offer a soluble answer for certain questions while wishing a spiritual journey and enrichment to every Muslim looking for Hajj packages 2018.
What is Hajj Badal?
Performing Hajj on someone else’s behalf is known as Hajj Badal or Hajj Al-Badal / Hajj e Badal. Several questions arise regarding the do(s) and don’t (s). Before letting out the facts and what people say regarding Hajj Badal or how to perform Hajj, let us talk about it in light of Qur’an and the Sunnah to perceive the fact before embarking on your Islamic tours.
There are two views that run parallel. The first view says that, provided strong conditions, performing Hajj/Umrah on someone’s behalf is acceptable and some disallow it. The first view has been given by Imam Ahmed, Imam Abu Hanifah and Imam Shafi (AR) and the other view says that it is not valid for a person to appoint someone else to perform Hajj.
CAN HAJJ BE CARRIED OUT FOR DEAD PEOPLE?
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (RA) said, “A man said: O Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)! My father has died and he did not perform Hajj; shall I perform Hajj on his behalf?” He (SA) said, “Don’t you think that if your father owed a debt you would pay it off?” He said, “Yes.” He said, “The debt owed to Allah is more deserving (of being paid off).”
(Hadith No. 2640, Book of the Rites of Hajj, Sunan An-Nasa’i, Vol. 3).
CAN HAJJ BE CARRIED OUT FOR THE PEOPLE WHO ARE LIVING?
It was narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that a woman from Khatham (tribe) asked the Prophet (PBUH) on the morning of the Day of Sacrifice, “O Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)! The command of Allah to his slaves to perform Hajj has come, while my father is an old man and cannot sit firmly in the saddle. Can I perform Hajj on his behalf?” He (SA) said, “Yes.”
WHAT ABOUT PERFORMING HAJJ FOR PARENTS (DEAD OR ALIVE)?
Abdullah bin Buraidah narrated from his father who said: A woman came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said, “My mother died and she did not perform Hajj; should I perform Hajj on her behalf?” He said, “Yes, perform Hajj on her behalf.”
(Hadith No. 929, Chapters on Hajj, Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Vol. 2).
Referring back to the previous sections, every part is related to conducting duties of Hajj for the parents, whether dead or alive.
CAN HAJJ BE CARRIED OUT FOR OTHER PEOPLE, EXCEPT PARENTS?
It was narrated by Ibn Abbas (RA) that a woman vowed to perform Hajj but she died. Her brother came to the Prophet (PBUH) and asked him about that. He said, “Do you think that if your sister owed a debt you would pay it off?” He said, “Yes.” He said, “Then fulfill the right of Allah, for He is more deserving that His rights should be fulfilled.”
More Facts on Hajj Badal
The person who is about to perform Hajj on behalf of others is called ‘Mahmoor’ and the person on whose behalf he is performing is called ‘Aamir’.
CONDITIONS FOR THE DISABLED PERSON
Hajj is an obligation for disabled pilgrims according to Shari’ah rules. If not, there is no need to send someone for Hajj Badal.
The disabled person needs to be unfit to perform Hajj. If disabled temporarily, he has to perform when he is fit, even if he has performed Hajj Badal earlier.
The disability should be before sending someone for Hajj Badal, or else, it will be invalid.
The disabled person him/herself has to ask someone to perform Hajj Badal. After the death, it is ok if an heir performs Hajj Badal.
The disabled person should bear all types of expenses for Hajj Badal, including Hajj visa, Hajj flights etc.
CONDITIONS FOR THE PERSON PERFORMING HAJJ BADAL
- The person performing Hajj Badal must be a Muslim and should be aware of how to do Hajj.
- While entering into Ihram, he should make the intention (neyyah) on behalf of the person who is sending him. He must not have the intention of performing Hajj for himself or on behalf of more than one person.
- A woman can also book cheap trips to perform Hajj Badal on behalf of another woman, but needs to go on this pious visit or ziyarat with a mahram.
- The person (mahmoor) should perform Hajj Badal and book cheap flights to Jeddah only if he/she has been authorized to perform by another person.
- The appointed person should perform the form of Hajj (Tamatt’u or Qiran), as desired by the person who sent him.
- The appointed person should go for Hajj Badal by transport and not on foot.
- The person (mahmoor) should begin the journey from the place where the person who is sending him lives. However, if Hajj Badal is being financed out of one-third of the deceased’s property, then the person (mahmoor) can start the journey from anywhere depending on the availability of money.
- It is not mandatory for a person to have performed Hajj before going for Hajj Badal, according to the Hanafites. Whereas, Ahl-e-Hadith are of the opinion that the appointed person must have performed his own Hajj first. Considering these views, it is safer and wiser to send the one who has already performed his/her own Hajj.
Note: For more information or clarification on these conditions, it is advised to consult a religious scholar. You may get in touch with UK travel agents for cheap Hajj packages 2018.